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In July 2013, G8 leaders signed the G8 Open Data Charter, which outlined a set of five core open data principles. Many nations and open government advocates welcomed the G8 Charter, but there was a general sense that the principles could be refined and improved to support broader global adoption of open data principles.
Building on these efforts, and through an open, inclusive and representative process, a number open data champions from governments, multilateral organizations, civil society and private sector developed the International Open Data Charter.
The International Open Data Charter contains 6 principles
The Open Data Charter builds on the G8 Charter in a number of important ways:
Last update: December 2015
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United Nations Environment Programme Global Environment Outlook Data Portal (GEO Data).
The table presents the years of formalization of participation in a selection of international environmental treaties and conventions for the 193 United Nations member states only. Participation, in this table, means the country or area has become party to the agreements under the treaty or convention, which is achieved through a variety of means depending on country circumstances, namely: accession, acceptance, approval, formal confirmation, ratification, and succession. Countries or areas who have signed but not become party to the agreements under a given convention or treaty are thus indicated as non-participants. The years refer to the date that participation was formalized. No value, '…', indicates non-participation according to the source at the time of the latest update.
Participation can have special or country-specific provisions depending on the nature of the agreement and national circumstances. For more detailed country-specific information on participation under each agreement please visit the website of the secretariat for the convention/treaty.Below are the complete titles and secretariat websites for each of the selected environmental agreements in the table:
The first Open Cities Summit brought together key actors to explore how cities and citizens are implementing open data solutions to improve the everyday lives of citizens. The objective was to connect city-level open data users and providers to build a community for continued learning.
International Open Data Conference (IODC) illustrated a growing commitment to creating a network of cities using open data that accelerate innovation to address urban issues and build upon current activities.
Key examples of progressive open data initiatives working in cities include:
International Open Data Conference (IODC) 2016 included several pre-events focused on open data for accountability, including those organized by the Follow the Money Network and Open Contracting, which focused on new projects, approaches, and tools to advance public financial accountability and open contracting respectfully. Other sessions put a spotlight on other accountability issues, including anti-corruption, Open Budgets, and Data Journalism. Each of these issues is supported by strong communities with emerging practices on how to improve accountability for public and private institutions.
Several current projects highlight the impact of open data on accountability, including:
The Natural Resource Governance Institute hosted a two-day data dive into open data on extractives, including project level payment data, contracts, environmental information, and geospatial data.
The opening of resource and environmental data allows citizens, governments, students, and researchers to protect and defend the environment objectively. Platforms are being built to share this information more broadly among stakeholders, and to make environment analysis simpler and timelier.
Discussions and projects at International Open Data Conference (IODC) 2016 focused on data-driven decision making related to important environmental questions that are an ever increasing focus of open data efforts around the world, including:
International Open Data Conference (IODC) 2016 saw international aid discussed from many different perspectives, but humanitarian assistance and disaster management may have been the most prevalent. In both cases, impact can be slow to emerge, but as this community continues to grow and collaborate with the resources of international organizations, proven approaches are beginning to show real results.
Highlighted projects include:
This year’s International Open Data Conference (IODC) saw several discussions and examples of advances in open data to effectively share scientific research and discoveries in order to both broaden the benefits realized from completed research and to influence future research efforts. Following a pre-event on research open data, workshops during the conference also focused more than ever on innovative methods for opening scientific data and creating new tools to manipulate that data.
Highlighted projects and initiatives included:
The Open Data Charter was launched in September 2015 to provide governments with a common foundation upon which to realize the full potential of open data for their own jurisdiction. Over the past year, the Charter has been adopted by 41 national and sub-national governments.