Science and data for people


Goal 12: Responsible Consumption and Production

Goal 12

Goal Image Goal Six Goal Eight Goal Twelve Goal Fourteen Goal Fifteen Goal Seventeen

Responsible Consumption and Production

Goal Description Image

Sustainable growth and development requires minimizing the natural resources and toxic materials used, and the waste and pollutants generated, throughout the entire production and consumption process. Sustainable Development Goal 12 encourages more sustainable consumption and production patterns through various measures, including specific policies and international agreements on the management of materials that are toxic to the environment.

Indicator Tier
12.2.2 Domestic material consumption (DMC) and DMC per capita, per GDP Tier Image Tier I
12.4.1 Number of Parties to international multilateral environmental agreements on hazardous waste, and other chemicals that meet their commitments and obligations in transmitting information as required by each relevant agreement Tier Image Tier I
12.1.1 Number of countries with sustainable consumption and production (SCP) national action plans or SCP mainstreamed as a priority or target into national policies Tier Image Tier II
12.a.1 Amount of support to developing countries on R&D for sustainable consumption and production (SCP) and environmental sound technologies Tier Image Tier II
12.2.1 Material footprint (MF) and MF per capita, per GDP Tier Image Tier III
12.3.1 Global food loss index Tier Image Tier III
12.4.2 Hazardous waste generated per capita, proportion of hazardous waste treated and by type of treatment Tier Image Tier III
12.5.1 National recycling rate, tons of material recycled Tier Image Tier III
12.6.1 Number of companies publishing sustainability reports Tier Image Tier III
12.7.1 Number of countries implementing sustainable public procurement policies and action plans Tier Image Tier III
12.c.1 Amount of fossil-fuel subsidies per unit of GDP (production and consumption) and as a proportion of total national expenditure on fossil fuels Tier Image Tier III

Goal cartoon